When water flows through the pipes, it drips at the place of the roots of the plants. Sprinklers placed here distribute the water across the fields. Modern methods of irrigation. Traditional Irrigation Methods: (i) Check Basin Method: In this method, the whole field is divided into basins according to the capacity of water. Also, wastage of water is avoided when using a moat system of irrigation. Also called the pulley system, it involves pulling up water from a well or other such source to irrigate the land. Name modern methods of irrigation under surface irrigation. Sprinkler irrigation is done in areas with less water and uneven ground level. Basins are flooded with water. Narrow pipes with small holes are laid on the fields. 1. 3. - 16368892 1. Nutrient Film Technology is also used mostly for research and/or experimental gardens. Firstly as bumper crops are produced due to irrigation it makes country self-sufficient in food requirements. This system mimics the phenomenon of rain. Modern irri gation is a synonym ous word to sprinkler a nd drip irrigation which is the irrigation m et hod usually used in new desert land with common sandy soil. 3)Dhekli. 1. 3] using good fertilizers like NPK. In this method, water is supplied to the field from source thorough pipes. SPRINKLER IRRIGATION  Consists of a network of pipes and sprinklers spaced at suitable places. Log in. Any loss of water is avoided in the sprinkler system… judges ‘Efficiency’ 1. What are the modern methods of irrigation in different states of India? The perpendicular pipes, having rotating nozzles on top, are joined to the main pipeline at regular intervals. The main methods used are as follows: Sprinkler System: This system mimics the phenomenon of rain. This method is more useful in soils having lesser infiltration. modern irrigation methods 1. modern irrigation system dept: civil engineering heritage institute of technology 2. contents introduction why modern irrigation systems ? It is often called flood irrigation when the method results in complete or new complete flooding of the land. Ask your question. With the help drip irrigation system, … Log in. There are several irrigation methods-Sprinkler irrigationDrip IrrigationIrrigation through tubewells and motors etc. There are five basic methods of irrigation (flooding, furrow irrigation, trickle, sprinkling, and sub irrigation). judges ‘Efficiency’ 1. Crops require water at regular interval of time for proper growth and development.  Area of Land wetted depends on following factors i.e. There are 2 modern methods of irrigation systems followed in India, which is Drip irrigation and Sprinkler irrigation. It is used for crops which require a large amount of water to grow. So Rahat system of irrigation uses animal labour. rakshaavenky rakshaavenky 24.06.2020 Science Primary School +5 pts. It is very useful for sandy soil and uneven land. They are joined to perpendicular pipelines with rotating nozzles. Modern Methods Innovative Methods are used like Sprinkler System It has a pump,different perpendicular pipes and nozzle When pump is opened,water sprinkles out from different nozzles It is used for Lawns Coffee Plantation new irrigation technology and modern methods of irrigation will play an important part in the achievement of improved irrigation efficiency. Log in. … With the help drip irrigation system, it is easy to provide liquid fertilizer to plant root systems. Water is applied in the root zone of the crop. What is Traditional Method of Irrigation? Links of those articles are provided herewithin. The most commonly used method of irrigation these days is the drip method. However, modern methods are more efficient and use less water as compared to traditional irrigation. Furrow irrigation. 6] GIVING EVERY INDIVIDUAL EFFORT. 1. ‘Dhora’ is of two types, one is the main ‘Dhora’ and the other ‘Dhora’ is connected to basins. Modern Methods of Irrigation  SPRINKLER IRRIGATION  DRIP IRRIGATION 7. The main methods used are as follows: Sprinkler System: This system mimics the phenomenon of rain. Any loss of water is avoided in the sprinkler system. The method is very clear from Fig. Size of basins are made according to the inflow of water. The modern methods of irrigation include – surface irrigation, drip irrigation, sprinkler irrigation, subsurface irrigation. Join now. Two different methods of irrigation are- modern methods that include sprinkler irrigation and drip irrigation; traditional irrigation that includes manual irrigation where water is pulled out by the farmers themselves from the wells and canals to irrigate the land. Methods like pumping stations, canals, gates, ditches, and a few other systems are used to raise the water table. Modern methods of irrigation include center-pivot systems, drip irrigation and sub-irrigation. Watch all CBSE Class 5 to 12 Video Lectures here. Weeds do not grow because the water reaches directly to the plants and do not spread anywhere on the field. Crop… The modern methods of irrigation include – surface irrigation, drip irrigation, sprinkler irrigation, subsurface irrigation. 4] using high yeilding seeds. In the Drip irrigation system, water supplies to plant roots through a collection of plastic pipes, lateral tubes, and valves. Water is the most important requirement for agriculture. This method is used in areas where there is more scarcity of water and in high temperature regions, to maintain the humidity. Modern methods of irrigation. Drip System of Irrigation.  At the nozzle Pressure head is converted to Velocity head. Irrigation Methods – Sprinkler Irrigation (or) Overhead irrigation (Modern irrigation Method):- This method consists of the application of water to soil in the kind of a spray, somewhat as rain. These are more efficient systems of irrigation that were invented in the recent decades. 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It reduces the use of water in agriculture. Log in. Let us take a look at the two most important methods. The most common method of watering the crops is drip irrigation. It protects the crops from extreme frost or temperature. The water seeps from these holes drop by drop, hence the name drip irrigation. Numerous subclasses exist within each of these basic methods. Advantages of Traditional Methods of Irrigation: 1. The method is one of the most recent developments in irrigation. the modern methods of irrigation used in punjab are. Traditional methods are cheaper but they are less efficient as compared to modern methods. 3. Modern Methods of Irrigation SPRINKLER IRRIGATION DRIP IRRIGATION 7. Followings are the types of irrigation methods-Surface Irrigation; Localized Irrigation; Drip Irrigation; Sprinkler Irrigation; Center Pivot Irrigation; Lateral Move Irrigation; Sub-Irrigation; Manual Irrigation; A brief description of these irrigation types is given below. 2] increasing the level of water present inside the ground by immersing rain water. Small channels or furrows are created along the field length between crop rows. The system is more useful on the uneven land where sufficient water is not available. Various traditional ways of irrigation are pulley system, chain pump, dhekli, and Rahat. You’ll learn all the above mentioned irrigation methods in details here. Flooding method consists in applying the water by flooding the land of rather smooth and flat topography. Center pivot systems use large mechanical arms mounted on central pivots, creating circular plots of irrigated soil. The modern methods of irrigation under surface irrigation are furrow, basin and border. Surface Irrigation Sprinkler system also provides the best coverage regardless of the size of the farm. 6. These components, controlled with the help of a dripper and water pumps. Answered What are the modern methods of irrigation? Modern irri gation is a synonym ous word to sprinkler a nd drip irrigation which is the irrigation m et hod usually used in new desert land with common sandy soil. It is an extremely time consuming and labour intensive system, but it is very cost efficient. Sprinklar irrigation: sprinklar irrigation is the artificial application of water in the form of rain. What are the modern methods of irrigation? Water is the most important requirement for agriculture. Drip irrigation is one of the most efficient irrigation methods as it reduces water wastage in agriculture. Velocity of water Jet 2. 1] converting waste land into agriculture land using manure. 1. Question 3 What are the advantages of sprinkler system of irrigation? 1)Moat (pulley system) 2)Chain pump. 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