[173] Ringling Bros. and Barnum and Bailey circus retired its touring elephants in May 2016. (Ukiyo-e woodcut, 1888), Stone carving Elephant. Instead, new teeth grow in at the back of the mouth and move forward to push out the old ones. [162], One of the earliest references to war elephants is in the Indian epic Mahabharata (written in the 4th century BC, but said to describe events between the 11th and 8th centuries BC). Elephants typically have grey skin, but African elephants look brown or reddish after wallowing in coloured mud. [197] As characters, elephants are most common in children's stories, in which they are generally cast as models of exemplary behaviour. Because they need larger amounts of land than other sympatric terrestrial mammals, they are the first to be affected by human encroachment. They benefit their cohabitants living in the forest. [150] This has been called "one of the worst concentrated killings" since the ivory ban. The Elephant is very big and grey in colour – It walks for miles every day. Elephants spend 12-18 hours a day eating grass, plants and food using their trunks to lift it to their mouths. An unwanted or useless item, as in The cottage at the lake had become a real white elephanttoo run down to sell, yet costly to keep up, or Grandma's ornate silver is a white elephant; no one wants it but it's too valuable to discard. [118][119] Elephants have long lifespans, reaching 60–70 years of age. Elephants killed around 300 people between 2000 and 2004 in Jharkhand while in Assam, 239 people were reportedly killed between 2001 and 2006. Elephants are grayish to brown in colour, and their body hair is sparse and coarse. African forest elephants had a total loss of 43%. Their tusk is extremely valuable and expensive. In olden times, elephants were used in wars because they could easily attack with their tusks and trunks. The average life span of an elephant is 5 to 70 years. elephant - WordReference English dictionary, questions, discussion and forums. Dwarf elephants of uncertain descent lived in Crete, Cyclades, and Dodecanese while dwarf mammoths are known to have lived in Sardinia. This video shows you how to pronounce ELEPHANT in British English. If we announced that we were in the market for fresh ivory, of course that would encourage the poaching of elephants. One of the biggest threats to elephant populations is the ivory trade, as the animals are poached for their ivory tusks. The skull grew larger, especially the cranium, while the neck shortened to provide better support for the skull. Essay on Elephant . Essay on Elephant in English for School Kids & Students. The groups, which do not include bulls, are led by the (usually) oldest cow, known as the matriarch. The looped ridges on the molars are narrower in the Asian elephant while those of the African are more diamond-shaped. They can enlarge waterholes when they bathe and wallow in them. Palaeoloxodon falconeri of Malta and Sicily was only 100 cm (3 ft 3 in) and had probably evolved from the straight-tusked elephant. Likewise in Hinduism, they are linked with thunderstorms as Airavata, the father of all elephants, represents both lightning and rainbows. Although tough, an elephant's skin is very sensitive. [79] At Chobe National Park, Botswana, herds travel 325 km (202 mi) to visit the river when the local waterholes dry up. The chewing teeth are replaced six times in a typical elephant's lifetime. An elephant can grow up to 10 feet of height. [142][143], African elephants receive at least some legal protection in every country where they are found, but 70% of their range exists outside protected areas. [151], Other threats to elephants include habitat destruction and fragmentation. One elephant has been observed to graze by kneeling on its front legs, raising on its hind legs and taking in grass with its lips. This strengthens the bones while still allowing haematopoiesis. The Mbuti people of central Africa believe that the souls of their dead ancestors resided in elephants. [167], Keeping elephants in zoos has met with some controversy. English. [152], Elephants have been working animals since at least the Indus Valley Civilization[153] and continue to be used in modern times. Submissive ones will lower their heads and trunks, as well as flatten their ears against their necks, while those that accept a challenge will position their ears in a V shape. [188] Similar ideas existed among other African societies, who believed that their chiefs would be reincarnated as elephants. They have been recorded swimming for up to six hours without touching the bottom, and have travelled as far as 48 km (30 mi) at a stretch and at speeds of up to 2.1 km/h (1 mph). They are being deprived of food and shelter. Vocal production mechanisms at certain frequencies are similar to that of humans and other mammals and the laryngeal tissues are subjected to self-maintained oscillations. While most mammals have one surge of luteinizing hormone during the follicular phase, elephants have two. Because of their distinct tusks they are often called tuskers. A greeting rumble is emitted by members of a family group after having been separated for several hours. [112], Homosexual behaviour is frequent in both sexes. They have huge fan like ears and long extended teeth called tusks. The former were related to Barytherium and lived in Africa and Eurasia,[21] while the latter may have descended from Eritreum[20] and spread to North America. They have even been observed lifting up their legs, presumably in an effort to expose their soles to the air. Synonyms & Antonyms of elephant something or someone that is unusually large and powerful by any standard, the new shopping mall will be an elephant and one that is certain to alter the retail landscape From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia The African elephant, Loxodonta africana, in Luanga National Park, Zambia Elephants are the largest living land mammals. The Elephant Summary In English. [42] Elephants are capable of hearing at low frequencies and are most sensitive at 1 kHz (in close proximity to the Soprano C). (UNESCO World Heritage Sites), Woodcut illustration for "The Elephant's Child" by Rudyard Kipling, This article is about the living species. [49] Lin Wang, a captive male Asian elephant, lived for 86 years. [45], Elephant trunks have multiple functions, including breathing, olfaction, touching, grasping, and sound production. These actions have made elephants an endangered species now. [186], Elephants have been represented in art since Paleolithic times. elephant definition: 1. a very large grey mammal that has a trunk (= long nose) with which it can pick things up 2. a…. [9], Three species of elephants are recognised; the African bush elephant (Loxodonta africana) and forest elephant (Loxodonta cyclotis) of sub-Saharan Africa, and the Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) of South and Southeast Asia. Showing page 1. Successful conservation efforts in certain areas have led to high population densities. Other descendants of the straight-tusked elephant existed in Cyprus. The taming of African elephants in the Belgian Congo began by decree of Leopold II of Belgium during the 19th century and continues to the present with the Api Elephant Domestication Centre. [69], The heart of an elephant weighs 12–21 kg (26–46 lb). Found 201 sentences matching phrase "elephant".Found in 4 ms. Suckling bouts tend to last 2–4 min/hr for a calf younger than a year and it continues to suckle until it reaches three years of age or older. [21] The third radiation started in the late Miocene and led to the arrival of the elephantids, which descended from, and slowly replaced, the gomphotheres. [77], Elephants typically coexist peacefully with other herbivores, which will usually stay out of their way. In addition, they are tilted at 45 degrees and positioned more anteriorly than a human's vocal folds. [127] Infrasonic calls are important, particularly for long-distance communication,[123] in both Asian and African elephants. The long bones of the limbs have cancellous bone in place of medullary cavities. [6] The trunk is elongated and specialised to become the elephant's most important and versatile appendage. [191], Elephants have been the subject of religious beliefs. [93] When her tenure is over, the matriarch's eldest daughter takes her place; this occurs even if her sister is present. 2. The Arthashastra (written around 300 BC) advised the Mauryan government to reserve some forests for wild elephants for use in the army, and to execute anyone who killed them. [51] In earlier times, elephant tusks weighing over 200 pounds (more than 90 kg) were not uncommon, though it is rare today to see any over 100 pounds (45 kg). [44] Losing the trunk would be detrimental to an elephant's survival,[6] although in rare cases, individuals have survived with shortened ones. Elephants have the potential to hear each other’s voice from a distance of 5 miles. Elephants were commonly featured in motifs by the stonemasons of the Gothic churches. It is now extinct in these areas,[145] and the current range of Asian elephants is highly fragmented. Elephant tusks are very precious, which is why they are often hunted down by cruel poachers. Your email address will not be published. Calves continue to suckle at the same rate as before until their sixth month, after which they become more independent when feeding. [11], Elephants can move both forwards and backwards, but cannot trot, jump, or gallop. [96] Musth appears to signal to females the condition of the male, as weak or injured males do not have normal musths.

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